11224 World Scientists Warning on Nov 5, 2019

World Scientists Warning of a Climate Emergency  (Condensed Version) William J. Ripple, Christopher Wolf, Thomas M. Newsome, Phoebe Barnard, William R. Moomaw, (per verification 11/12/19 scientist signatories from (Per.Verf countries 

We scientists have a moral obligation to clearly warn humanity of any catastrophic threat. In this paper, we present a suite of graphical vital signs of climate change over the last 40 years. Results show greenhouse gas emissions are still rising, with increasingly damaging effects. With few exceptions, we are largely failing to address this predicament. The climate crisis has arrived and is accelerating faster than many scientists expected. It is more severe than anticipated, threatening natural ecosystems and the fate of humanity.

We suggest six critical and interrelated steps that governments and the rest of humanity can take to lessen the worst effects of climate change, covering 1) Energy, 2) Short-lived pollutants, 3) Nature, 4) Food, 5) Economy, and 6) Population. Mitigating and adapting to climate change entails transformations in the ways we govern, manage, feed, and fulfill material and energy requirements.

We are encouraged by a recent global surge of concern. Governmental bodies are making climate emergency declarations. The Pope issued an encyclical on climate change. Schoolchildren are striking. Ecocide lawsuits are proceeding in the courts. Grassroots citizen movements are demanding change.

As scientists, we urge widespread use of our vital signs and anticipate that graphical indicators will better allow policymakers and the public to understand the magnitude of this crisis, track progress, and realign priorities to alleviate climate change. The good news is that such transformative change, with social and ecological justice, promises greater human wellbeing in the long-run than business as usual. We believe that prospects will be greatest if policy makers and the rest of humanity promptly respond to our warning and declaration of a climate emergency, and act to sustain life on planet Earth, our only home.

FULL TEXT FIRST PUBLISHED Nov 5, 2019 World Scientists Warning of a Climate Emergency  William J. Ripple, Christopher Wolf, Thomas M. Newsome, Phoebe Barnard, William R. Moomaw,  

Scientists have a moral obligation to clearly warn humanity of any catastrophic threat and to “tell it like it is.” On the basis of this obligation and the graphical indicators presented below, we declare, with more than 11,000 scientist signatories from around the world, clearly and unequivocally that planet Earth is facing a climate emergency.

Exactly 40 years ago, scientists from 50 nations met at the First World Climate Conference (in Geneva 1979) and agreed that alarming trends for climate change made it urgently necessary to act. Since then, similar alarms have been made through the 1992 Rio Summit, the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, and the 2015 Paris Agreement, as well as scores of other global assemblies and scientists’ explicit warnings of insufficient progress (Ripple et al. 2017). Yet greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are still rapidly rising, with increasingly damaging effects on the Earth’s climate. An immense increase of scale in endeavors to conserve our biosphere is needed to avoid untold suffering due to the climate crisis (IPCC 2018).

Most public discussions on climate change are based on global surface temperature only, an inadequate measure to capture the breadth of human activities and the real dangers stemming from a warming planet (Briggs et al. 2015). Policymakers and the public now urgently need access to a set of indicators that convey the effects of human activities on GHG emissions and the consequent impacts on climate, our environment, and society. Building on prior work (see supplemental file S2), we present a suite of graphical vital signs of climate change over the last 40 years for human activities that can affect GHG emissions and change the climate (figure 1), as well as actual climatic impacts (figure 2). We use only relevant data sets that are clear, understandable, systematically collected for at least the last 5 years, and updated at least annually.

Fig. 1 https://academic.oup.com/view-large/figure/169036763/biz088fig1.jpg

Fig. 1 — NOTES — Change in global human activities from 1979 to the present. These indicators are linked at least in part to climate change. In panel (f), annual tree cover loss may be for any reason (e.g., wildfire, harvest within tree plantations, or conversion of forests to agricultural land). Forest gain is not involved in the calculation of tree cover loss. In panel (h), hydroelectricity and nuclear energy are shown in figure S2. The rates shown in panels are the percentage changes per decade across the entire range of the time series. The annual data are shown using gray points. The black lines are local regression smooth trend lines. Abbreviation: Gt oe per year, gigatonnes of oil equivalent per year. Sources and additional details about each variable are provided in supplemental file S2, including table S2.

Change in global human activities from 1979 to the present. These indicators are linked at least in part to climate change. In panel (f), annual tree cover loss may be for any reason (e.g., wildfire, harvest within tree plantations, or conversion of forests to agricultural land). Forest gain is not involved in the calculation of tree cover loss. In panel (h), hydroelectricity and nuclear energy are shown in figure S2. The rates shown in panels are the percentage changes per decade across the entire range of the time series. The annual data are shown using gray points. The black lines are local regression smooth trend lines. Abbreviation: Gt oe per year, gigatonnes of oil equivalent per year. Sources and additional details about each variable are provided in supplemental file S2, including table S2.

Fig 2 https://academic.oup.com/view-large/figure/169036764/biz088fig2.jpg

Fig 2 Notes– Climatic response time series from 1979 to the present. The rates shown in the panels are the decadal change rates for the entire ranges of the time series. These rates are in percentage terms, except for the interval variables (d, f, g, h, i, k), where additive changes are reported instead. For ocean acidity (pH), the percentage rate is based on the change in hydrogen ion activity, aH+ (where lower pH values represent greater acidity). The annual data are shown using gray points. The black lines are local regression smooth trend lines. Sources and additional details about each variable are provided in supplemental file S2, including table S3.

The climate crisis is closely linked to excessive consumption of the wealthy lifestyle. The most affluent countries are mainly responsible for the historical GHG emissions and generally have the greatest per capita emissions (table S1). In the present article, we show general patterns, mostly at the global scale, because there are many climate efforts that involve individual regions and countries. Our vital signs are designed to be useful to the public, policymakers, the business community, and those working to implement the Paris climate agreement, the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals, and the Aichi Biodiversity Targets.

Profoundly troubling signs from human activities include sustained increases in both human and ruminant livestock populations, per capita meat production, world gross domestic product, global tree cover loss, fossil fuel consumption, the number of air passengers carried, carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, and per capita CO2 emissions since 2000 (figure 1supplemental file S2). Encouraging signs include decreases in global fertility (birth) rates (figure 1b), decelerated forest loss in the Brazilian Amazon (figure 1g), increases in the consumption of solar and wind power (figure 1h), institutional fossil fuel divestment of more than US$7 trillion (figure 1j), and the proportion of GHG emissions covered by carbon pricing (figure 1m). However, the decline in human fertility rates has substantially slowed during the last 20 years (figure 1b), and the pace of forest loss in Brazil’s Amazon has now started to increase again (figure 1g). Consumption of solar and wind energy has increased 373% per decade, but in 2018, it was still 28 times smaller than fossil fuel consumption (combined gas, coal, oil; figure 1h). As of 2018, approximately 14.0% of global GHG emissions were covered by carbon pricing (figure 1m), but the global emissions-weighted average price per tonne of carbon dioxide was only around US$15.25 (figure 1n). A much higher carbon fee price is needed (IPCC 2018, section 2.5.2.1). Annual fossil fuel subsidies to energy companies have been fluctuating, and because of a recent spike, they were greater than US$400 billion in 2018 (figure 1o).

Especially disturbing are concurrent trends in the vital signs of climatic impacts (figure 2supplemental file S2). Three abundant atmospheric GHGs (CO2, methane, and nitrous oxide) continue to increase (see figure S1 for ominous 2019 spike in CO2), as does global surface temperature (figure 2a–2d). Globally, ice has been rapidly disappearing, evidenced by declining trends in minimum summer Arctic sea ice, Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets, and glacier thickness worldwide (figure 2e–2h). Ocean heat content, ocean acidity, sea level, area burned in the United States, and extreme weather and associated damage costs have all been trending upward (figure 2i–2n). Climate change is predicted to greatly affect marine, freshwater, and terrestrial life, from plankton and corals to fishes and forests (IPCC 20182019). These issues highlight the urgent need for action.

Despite 40 years of global climate negotiations, with few exceptions, we have generally conducted business as usual and have largely failed to address this predicament (figure 1). The climate crisis has arrived and is accelerating faster than most scientists expected (figure 2, IPCC 2018). It is more severe than anticipated, threatening natural ecosystems and the fate of humanity (IPCC 2019). Especially worrisome are potential irreversible climate tipping points and nature’s reinforcing feedbacks (atmospheric, marine, and terrestrial) that could lead to a catastrophic “hothouse Earth,” well beyond the control of humans (Steffen et al. 2018). These climate chain reactions could cause significant disruptions to ecosystems, society, and economies, potentially making large areas of Earth uninhabitable.

To secure a sustainable future, we must change how we live, in ways that improve the vital signs summarized by our graphs. Economic and population growth are among the most important drivers of increases in CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion (Pachauri et al. 2014, Bongaarts and O’Neill 2018); therefore, we need bold and drastic transformations regarding economic and population policies. We suggest six critical and interrelated steps (in no particular order) that governments, businesses, and the rest of humanity can take to lessen the worst effects of climate change. These are important steps but are not the only actions needed or possible (Pachauri et al. 2014, IPCC 20182019).

Energy

The world must quickly implement massive energy efficiency and conservation practices and must replace fossil fuels with low-carbon renewables (figure 1h) and other cleaner sources of energy if safe for people and the environment (figure S2). We should leave remaining stocks of fossil fuels in the ground (see the timelines in IPCC 2018) and should carefully pursue effective negative emissions using technology such as carbon extraction from the source and capture from the air and especially by enhancing natural systems (see “Nature” section). Wealthier countries need to support poorer nations in transitioning away from fossil fuels. We must swiftly eliminate subsidies for fossil fuels (figure 1o) and use effective and fair policies for steadily escalating carbon prices to restrain their use.

Short-lived pollutants

We need to promptly reduce the emissions of short-lived climate pollutants, including methane (figure 2b), black carbon (soot), and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). Doing this could slow climate feedback loops and potentially reduce the short-term warming trend by more than 50% over the next few decades while saving millions of lives and increasing crop yields due to reduced air pollution (Shindell et al. 2017). The 2016 Kigali amendment to phase down HFCs is welcomed.

Nature

We must protect and restore Earth’s ecosystems. Phytoplankton, coral reefs, forests, savannas, grasslands, wetlands, peatlands, soils, mangroves, and sea grasses contribute greatly to sequestration of atmospheric CO2. Marine and terrestrial plants, animals, and microorganisms play significant roles in carbon and nutrient cycling and storage. We need to quickly curtail habitat and biodiversity loss (figure 1f–1g), protecting the remaining primary and intact forests, especially those with high carbon stores and other forests with the capacity to rapidly sequester carbon (proforestation), while increasing reforestation and afforestation where appropriate at enormous scales. Although available land may be limiting in places, up to a third of emissions reductions needed by 2030 for the Paris agreement (less than 2°C) could be obtained with these natural climate solutions (Griscom et al. 2017).

Food

Eating mostly plant-based foods while reducing the global consumption of animal products (figure 1c–d), especially ruminant livestock (Ripple et al. 2014), can improve human health and significantly lower GHG emissions (including methane in the “Short-lived pollutants” step). Moreover, this will free up croplands for growing much-needed human plant food instead of livestock feed, while releasing some grazing land to support natural climate solutions (see “Nature” section). Cropping practices such as minimum tillage that increase soil carbon are vitally important. We need to drastically reduce the enormous amount of food waste around the world.

Economy

Excessive extraction of materials and overexploitation of ecosystems, driven by economic growth, must be quickly curtailed to maintain long-term sustainability of the biosphere. We need a carbon-free economy that explicitly addresses human dependence on the biosphere and policies that guide economic decisions accordingly. Our goals need to shift from GDP growth and the pursuit of affluence toward sustaining ecosystems and improving human well-being by prioritizing basic needs and reducing inequality.

Population

Still increasing by roughly 80 million people per year, or more than 200,000 per day (figure 1a–b), the world population must be stabilized—and, ideally, gradually reduced—within a framework that ensures social integrity. There are proven and effective policies that strengthen human rights while lowering fertility rates and lessening the impacts of population growth on GHG emissions and biodiversity loss. These policies make family-planning services available to all people, remove barriers to their access and achieve full gender equity, including primary and secondary education as a global norm for all, especially girls and young women (Bongaarts and O’Neill 2018).

Conclusions

Mitigating and adapting to climate change while honoring the diversity of humans entails major transformations in the ways our global society functions and interacts with natural ecosystems. We are encouraged by a recent surge of concern. Governmental bodies are making climate emergency declarations. Schoolchildren are striking. Ecocide lawsuits are proceeding in the courts. Grassroots citizen movements are demanding change, and many countries, states and provinces, cities, and businesses are responding.

As the Alliance of World Scientists, we stand ready to assist decision-makers in a just transition to a sustainable and equitable future. We urge widespread use of vital signs, which will better allow policymakers, the private sector, and the public to understand the magnitude of this crisis, track progress, and realign priorities for alleviating climate change. The good news is that such transformative change, with social and economic justice for all, promises far greater human well-being than does business as usual. We believe that the prospects will be greatest if decision-makers and all of humanity promptly respond to this warning and declaration of a climate emergency and act to sustain life on planet Earth, our only home.

Contributing reviewers

Franz Baumann, Ferdinando Boero, Doug Boucher, Stephen Briggs, Peter Carter, Rick Cavicchioli, Milton Cole, Eileen Crist, Dominick A. DellaSala, Paul Ehrlich, Iñaki Garcia-De-Cortazar, Daniel Gilfillan, Alison Green, Tom Green, Jillian Gregg, Paul Grogan, John Guillebaud, John Harte, Nick Houtman, Charles Kennel, Christopher Martius, Frederico Mestre, Jennie Miller, David Pengelley, Chris Rapley, Klaus Rohde, Phil Sollins, Sabrina Speich, David Victor, Henrik Wahren, and Roger Worthington.

Funding

The Worthy Garden Club furnished partial funding for this project.

Project website

To view the Alliance of World Scientists website, go to https://scientistswarning.forestry.oregonstate.edu

The Costs of Climate Change are not just environmental.

MENTAL HEALTH AND OUR CHANGING CLIMATE. Excerpts from an A.P.A. report first published in 2017. The passing of time is proving these insights true..

” It is time to expand information and action on climate and health, including mental health. The health, economic, political, and environmental implications of climate change affect all of us. The tolls on our mental health are far reaching. They induce stress, depression, and anxiety; strain social and community relationships; and have been linked to increases in aggression, violence, and crime. Children and communities with few resources to deal with the impacts of climate change are those most impacted “

” Children’s fears about climate change revolve around known and mysterious future effects. Direct experience with natural disasters can cause symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, including panic symptoms, nightmares, and phobic behavior. For example, some pre-school children who lost their homes to Hurricane Sandy developed a phobic avoidance of rain, waves, and thunder that generalized to panic about getting in bathtubs, going to school (which they feared might flood), and going to swimming lessons. ” (Page 36)

Climate change is no longer a distant, unimaginable threat; it is a growing reality for communities across the globe. Recognizing the risk, many local governments in the United States (as well as other places around the world) have created preparation or adaptation plans for shoring up physical infrastructure to withstand new weather and temperature extremes.” (Page 40)

Each day, our world devolves more quickly toward disruption from climate change. The news is coming at us from all sides— CO2 emissions climbing, record-high temperatures, oceans increasingly acidifying, coral reefs dying, ice sheets melting, failing nations, the massive displacement of people. Those least responsible for the crisis will be hurt the most—the poor, the elderly, the disabled, the emotionally vulnerable. The psychological toll is becoming more apparent—but much is being overlooked.” Lise Van Susteren, MD (Page 57)

More Brazilian Amazon Rain Forests Destroyed in 2019 For Cattle

August 2019 stands out because it has brought a noticeable increase in large, intense, and persistent fires burning along major roads in the central Brazilian. The fact the fires are along roads is a big clue this is not natural. —-Earthlobbyist  advises  people who care about the environment  to”Boycott Brazilian Beef”    http://www.earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/145498/uptick-in-amazon-fire-activity-in-2019

I am thinking this will somehow force everyone to stop buying Brazilian Beef, before these wack a moles kill the planet for a cheeseburger. So sad and crazy..   .Be an Earthlobbyist, Your voice and pen is important   https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-49415973?

The Brazilian Beef Exporters Association (ABIEC)  closed 2018 year with the most  beef exports ever,  over  1,643,000 metric tonnes  (3,621,172,000 pounds).   Brazilian Beef exports started their rapid market expansion and volume climb in 1997 with 158,000 metric tonnes (348,329,960 pounds), expanding their exports to a previous peak of 1,609,000 metric tonnes in 2007. Since 2007, exports have ranged around  1 million to 1.6 million  metric tonnes per year, about 800% more per year than 1997. A metric tonne is 2204.62 lbs.  It seems this expansion may have been at the expense of the rain forests. The countries and people who choose to consume this product are morally accountable for the market and destruction their hunger is creating.  The children of tomorrow will look back on these days and wonder. There is some consolation for United States Beef eaters, since the USA does snot appear to be a major consumer of this product

The USA Western Livestock Journal reports ” Fresh Brazilian beef might be returning to the U.S.A.,  however, questions regarding inspections exist, and long-running worries about the safety of the U.S. cattle herd remain.   From May 15 to June 2, 2017 , over 1.9 million pounds of Brazilian beef product had been rejected due to ‘public health concerns, sanitary conditions, and animal health issues.’”  Bill Bullard, CEO of R-CALF USA, also highlighted the risk of F.M.D. (foot-and-mouth disease)  in response to the March 19  joint announcement.    “Capitulation to Brazil’s demand that the U.S. quickly resume fresh beef imports is a classic example of politics trumping science,” he wrote.

  https://www.wlj.net/top_headlines/fresh-brazilian-beef-might-be-coming-back-to-the-u/article_a47b9ff6-5234-11e9-aad9-a39034f5f461.html

 

 

First Birthday of Earthlobbyist.com #earthlobbbyist

Much HAS happened on the planet since I founded and registered earthlobbbyist.com in 2018. There has been more documented severe weather, extreme fires, glacial melting, ocean acidity, permafrost melt, water shortages, and flooding. Talk of Malaria in the USA with flesh eating bacteria and more shark attacks on the Mid Atlantic coast Much has NOT happened in Carbon Reduction due to the will, greed and velocity of the global economy and the international political leaders. The rise in C02, peaked at 411.p.p.m. this summer, the highest in 800,000 years, Much MUST to happen if the earth ad humanity is to escape this fate we have created for our grandchildren with the invention of the Otto internal combustion engine, in 1876 . An Earthlobbyist will meet climate change deniers where they live and vote. The future is a choice but the truth is not negotiable for profits paid with the lives of our grandchildren. #Earthlobbyist is a non-profit founded to educate people and provide the opportunity to make changes in beliefs and behavior. In 2019 we are the stewards of the future. in the pilot house driving the ship into the iceberg that we can see clearly see in front of us. Sincerely, David Carr 8/9/19

Join These Sinking Pacific Countries to Stop Climate Change

The goal: make the world respond to the urgency of climate change.

No one nation can solve a problem as complex as climate change alone, but together bands of nations can make a difference. These mostly poor nations with little hard power leveraged the moral force of their peril to shape the global 2015 Paris Agreement. During a three-day meeting in advance of the 2017 Paris climate talks, government officials and civil-society leaders from 15 Pacific nations drew up a list of what they wanted out of the approaching negotiations. The goals included a halt to new coal mines in countries that still supported the industry,

The incoming 2017 Republican Administration­ in the U.S. was hostile to climate science, and the E.U.’s attention had turned to Brexit. So Fiji pioneered a program called the “Talanoa Dialogue,” the name for the national tradition of listening and sharing.

The world remains on track for more than 3°C of warming if countries implement only their current plans, according to a December 2018 analysis from Climate Action Tracker. 

“I know it’s very hard for the Secretary-­General to get 200 nations to come together and decide on one thing, but we need the political will, the political commitment to fight this,” said Fiji Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama . “If we don’t get through this, the crisis will turn into chaos, and chaos means the end of the world for us.”,  Earthlobbyist David Carr adds ” I believe this will be the fate for humanity by heat, extreme weather, air pollution, crop destruction  and war if we do not address climate change now.”  Miami’s permeable limestone subsurface exposes the city to the same peril. New Orleans and Houston already face the threat of supersized storms that will only get worse with time.

This post was  created with content from TIME magazine

 

Warmth and Rain Create an Accelerating Cycle of Melting and Methane Release

The thawing permafrost, and increased precipitation, have made the land wetter. The snow and rain create a vicious circle, forming an insulating layer that speeds defrosting underground.

The loss of permafrost deforms the landscape itself, knocking down houses and barns. The migration patterns of animals hunted for centuries are shifting, and severe floods wreak havoc almost every spring.

Climate change is a global phenomenon, but the shifts are especially pronounced in Russia, where permafrost covers some two-thirds of the country at depths ranging up to almost a mile.

“People don’t comprehend the scale of this change, and our government is not even thinking about it,” said Aleksandr N. Fedorov, deputy director of the Melnikov Permafrost Institute

An Earthlobbyist respects the right to an opinion and an obligation to the truth

Poisons and Diseases Contained in Arctic Ice

The permafrost – up until now, permanently frozen land and soil – is thawing out, and revealing its hidden secrets. Alongside Pleistocene fossils are massive carbon and methane emissions, toxic mercury, and ancient diseases.

Now is the time to demand Climate Accountability

The organic-rich permafrost holds an estimated 1,500 billion tons of carbon,  about twice as much carbon in the atmosphere, and three times as much carbon than that stored in all the world’s forests. Around 10% of the carbon that does defrost will probably be released as CO2, amounting to 130-150 billion tonnes. That is equivalent to the current rate of total US emissions, every year until 2100.

Now is the time to demand Climate Accountability

In the summer of 2016, a group of nomadic reindeer herders began falling sick from a mysterious illness. Rumors began circling of the “Siberian plague”, last seen in the region in 1941. When a young boy and 2,500 reindeer died, the disease was identified: anthrax. Its origin was a defrosting reindeer carcass, a victim of an anthrax outbreak 75 years previously.

Now is the time to demand Climate Accountability

A French study in 2014 took a 30,000 year-old virus frozen within permafrost, and warmed it back up in the lab. It promptly came back to life, 300 centuries later.

Now is the time to demand Climate Accountability

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http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20190612-the-poisons-released-by-melting-arctic-ice

Climate Change Is Now Making a Major Impact on Global Health

5/19/19 -A devastating heat wave swept across Europe in 2003, killing tens of thousands of people, scientists estimate. Many were elderly, with limited mobility, and some already suffered from chronic diseases. But climate change is making such extreme weather more common—and the effects will not be limited to the old and sick. Warming temperatures do not only threaten lives directly. They also cause billions of hours of lost labor, enhance conditions for the spread of infectious diseases and reduce crop yields.

Warmer temperatures have increased the geographical ranges of organisms that spread dengue fever, malaria and cholera. The “vectorial capacity”—a measure of how easily a disease carrier can transmit a pathogen—of dengue virus, which is spread by the Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes, reached a record high in 2016. The percentage of coastline suitable for bacteria in the Vibrio genus

“Overall, the report does suggest very serious concerns about the way in which climate change is evolving and its potential implications for human health,” says Andy Haines, a professor of environmental change and public health at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

 

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/climate-change-is-having-a-major-impact-on-global-health/?

Mauna Loa C02 PPM over 415ppm today, highest ever

5/19/19 – “This is the first time in human history our planet’s atmosphere has had more than 415ppm CO2.”  High levels of CO2 in the atmosphere — caused by humans burning fossil fuels and cutting down forests — prevent the Earth’s natural cooling cycle from working, trapping heat near the surface and causing global temperatures to rise and rise, with devastating effects.

All of this has been predicted since 1980

We also know what needs to be done to stop it — a drastic cut in carbon emissions, reforestation and creation of carbon sinks, and new technologies for carbon capture and other innovations, or, in the words of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, “rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society.”

…As an #earthlobbyist we must, must travel to meet climate change deniers where they live and vote. My non profit needs a vehicle and $1000/week.

https://www.cnn.com/2019/05/13/health/carbon-dioxide-world-intl/index.html?

How Food Contributes to Global Warming

 

5-1-19 — Read about how what you eat contributes to, or reduces your climate footprint.   While nothing you eat will change the effect of airplanes, natural gas flare offs and the choice of coal over wind, you can feel a little better eating lower on the food chain.

Yes, food does contribute to global warming, so small steps are better than none. I would rather plant more trees, ride my bike more, walk more, advocate for the planet  and continue grilling my summer away. And yes, I do eat lots of cereal, seafood and greens, and brew my own beer. I have an old car and a well insulated home that is highly efficient.

But don’t think  you are really making a difference if you are not contacting the people who vote for atmospheric climate destruction. One electric car will not balance all the SUVs and other vehicles over 8000 lbs that do not go through emissions, or all the idling diesel trucks.

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/04/30/dining/climate-change-food-eating-habits.html?

Please consider reaching out to those who suffer from Climate Change Denial Syndrome. You can make a difference.

 

David Attenborough’s new eight chapter series “Our Planet”

“The question is, Are we going to be in time, and are we going to do enough?”  David Attenborough has trouble being optimistic these days, when he answers ( in Time magazine April 8, 2019)  ” And the answer to both of these is no, we won’t be able to do enough to mend everything. But we can make it a darn sight better than it would be if we didn’t do anything at all.”

This is the call of Earthlobbyist, to make a difference now, by meeting those who deny atmospheric carbon based climate change. We must teaching them about all we can do before we loose so much.

 See “Our Planet” series is produced by Netflix here.

Our Planet is a groundbreaking, four-year collaboration between Netflix, Silverback Films and WWF. It explores the rich natural wonders, iconic species and wildlife spectacles that still remain, and reveals the key issues that urgently threaten their existence. Today, we have become the greatest threat to the health of our planet.

Wind and Solar can replace 74% of the U.S. coal use & save money now

America has officially entered the “coal cost crossover” –where existing coal is increasingly more expensive than cleaner alternatives. Today, local wind and solar could replace approximately 74 percent of the U.S. coal fleet at an immediate savings to customers. By 2025, this number grows to 86 percent of the coal fleet.

Energy Innovation and Vibrant Clean Energy  (24 page  analysis) complements existing research into the costs of clean energy undercutting coal costs, by focusing on which coal plants could be replaced locally (within 35 miles of the existing coal plant) at a saving.

Energy Innovation and Vibrant Clean Energy  suggests local decision-makers should consider plans for a smooth shut-down of these old plants— assessing their options for reliable replacement of that electricity  as well as financial options for communities dependent on those plants

Energy Innovation and Vibrant Clean Energy   research finds that in 2018, 211 gigawatts (GW) of existing (end of 2017) U.S. coal capacity, or 74 percent of the national fleet, was at risk from local wind or solar that could provide the same amount of electricity more cheaply.  By 2025, substantially at risk coal increases to 140 GW – almost half the U.S. fleet – even as federal renewable energy tax credits phase out.

https://energyinnovation.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/Coal-Cost-Crossover_Energy-Innovation_VCE_FINAL.pdf 

 

 

Proof humans are heating the Earth assigned the “five-sigma-gold” scientific confidence level,

“Humanity cannot afford to ignore such clear signals,” the U.S.-led team wrote in the journal Nature Climate Change of satellite measurements of rising temperatures over the past 40 years.

They said confidence that human activities were raising the heat at the Earth’s surface had reached a “five-sigma” level, a statistical gauge meaning there is only a one-in-a-million chance that the signal would appear if there was no warming.

Such a “gold standard” was applied in 2012, for instance, to confirm the discovery of the Higgs boson subatomic particle, a basic building block of the universe.

Reuters News Source Here

78 Environmental Protection Rules Destroyed since 2016

 

Damage Done, Damage to be repaired. Exactly what are these people going to tell their children and grandchildren when weather and catastrophic climate events  continue to get worse. Do these people believe that  being dead in 30 years a good reason to destroy the Earth for Personal Profit? This is all our problem.

Justice, domestic tranquility, common defense, health, happiness, the general welfare, and the blessings of liberty for ourselves and our posterity is not being ensured by our elected representatives, which is taxation without representation and  treason.

Link takes you to the New York Times article of Dec 28, 2018       78 Environmental Protection Rules Destroyed By The  2016  GOP Elected Majority

 

 

2018 fourth warmest year in continued warming trend, according to NASA, NOAA

Earth’s global surface temperatures in 2018 were the fourth warmest since 1880, according to independent analyses by NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

Now is the time to demand the elimination of atmospheric carbon

Just read the link below then ask yourself,  “What will my grandchildren think about me and my generation?”

https://climate.nasa.gov/news/2841/2018-fourth-warmest-year-in-continued-warming-trend-according-to-nasa-noaa/

 

2019 Polar Vortex breaks weather records

Very Cloudy March Day by DaveC

You can see what is happening with incredible clarity, so the question is, why do you support ( with your silence)  the continued destruction of our planet?

Here we   see the    University of Maine Climate Reanalyzer  which allows us all to see jet streams, ocean / air temperatures, winds speeds,  snow, the polar vortex and so much more. This is an amazing resource.

“It’s like they’re living through some kind of weather history — everyone else stayed in, and we’re here doing our thing>”

Temperatures in Minneapolis dipped as low as minus 28,  Fargo, N.D., reached minus 33; Milwaukee, minus 20 on January 30, 2019.  In Michigan, a gas company asked customers to use less natural gas to heat their houses after a fire at a compressor station. Emerging research suggests that a warming Arctic is causing changes in the jet stream and pushing polar air down .  As Atmospheric Carbon alters the composition of our planet we will  SUFFER and PAY for the effects of localized extreme weather,  only to wonder why nobody did anything. Now is the time to elect leaders who will vote for our environment before Big Fossil. Now is the time to build solar powered Carbon Capture Storage (CCS) facilities. Now is the time to be an earthlobbyist.

Compiled from The New York Times

The Polar Vortex After Facts:

  1. The difference in temperature that the Chicago region could experience is  73 degrees, from Thursday Jan. 31 morning, when the city saw a low of minus 21, to Monday Feb 4, when it may be 52. “It’s fairly rare to see this much of a turnaround in temperature in this short of time,” said Todd Kluber, a meteorologist with the National Weather Service

The cold air mass that has now moved east is uncommon, only seen about every five or 10 years, Mr. Kluber said. The Midwest’s deep freeze was brought by the polar vortex, a mass of cold air that is normally contained above the North Pole but in recent weeks broke apart, sending a block of icy air toward the United States.

Compiled from the New York Times

 

 

 

Glacier melt means less drinking and farm water

We may think of time in moments and memories, yet for the earth, 100 years as a second of a day.  2019 is moment of decision, even though some reading this will not care because their mortal moments are dwindling, or they can not see beyond the blue sky and convenient warmer winter.

Rapid melting of Glaciers means people have less time, maybe only twenty years to prepare for reduction in water for drinking and crops.  Even if greenhouse gas emissions were sharply curtailed immediately, there has already been enough warming to continue shrinking glaciers around the world.

Glacier Melt  affects production of hydroelectricity in every country that has dams.. It leads to disasters like rapid, catastrophic floods and debris flows. It alters rivers and ecosystems, affecting the organisms that inhabit them.

Last year, at the end of the summer melting season, the team drew lines on the stakes marking the height of the ice, as researchers have done here for decades. Now, with the end of the 2019 melting still a couple of months off, parts of the Tuyuksu Glacier were already about three feet thinner.

Now is the time to recognize the problem and remove atmospheric carbon from the atmosphere. Evaporating water is bonding with carbon  makes the air more humid, which will heat your planet faster, like adding water to sauna rocks, except your grandchildren will not be able to leave.

Make a difference now. Vote for Removal of Atmospheric carbon. Elect representatives who are committed to the future, not their special interests, because the only lobbyist for the Earth is You, Me and the rest of us.

 

 

 

 

 

SOURCE:    https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/01/15/climate/melting-glaciers-globally.html

Greenland Melting Faster Than Ever Thought . . . . Help.

Jan. 20, 2019 —

“What’s happening today is well beyond the range of what could be expected naturally,” the human fingerprint on Greenland melting today is unequivocal.” The rate of ice loss had tripled since 2007. Scientists estimate the Antarctic melting will contribute six inches to sea-level rise by 2100.

Luke D. Trusel, a glaciologist at Rowan University and an author of last month’s Nature paper on Greenland, said the new research by Dr. Bevis and his colleagues “provides clear and further illustration of how sensitive Greenland now is” to global warming.

“By limiting greenhouse gas emissions we limit warming, and thus also limit how rapidly and intensely Greenland affects our livelihoods through sea-level rise,” Dr. Trusel , added. “That, it seems, is our call to make.”

All Oceans are warming very quickly with terrible implications for climate change

Now is the time to stop the insanity. Now is the time to insure the future for the grandchildren

“If the ocean wasn’t absorbing as much heat, the surface of the land would heat up much faster than it is right now,” said Malin L. Pinsky, an associate professor in the department of ecology, evolution and natural resources at Rutgers University. “In fact, the ocean is saving us from massive warming right now.”

But the surging water temperatures are already killing off marine ecosystems, raising sea levels and making hurricanes more destructive.

The effects of the warming on marine life could also have broad repercussions, Dr. Pinsky said. “As the ocean heats up, it’s driving fish into new places, and we’re already seeing that that’s driving conflict between countries,” he said. “It’s spilling over far beyond just fish, it’s turned into trade wars. It’s turned into diplomatic disputes. It’s led to a breakdown in international relations in some cases.”

Learn More here now       :https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/10/climate/ocean-warming-climate-change.html

 

Black Carbon from Gulf War Found in Tibet glacier

 

A study published September 28, 2018, in Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics traces black carbon transport from the  1991 Gulf War Kuwait oil fires to ice in northern Tibet.

The climate in this region is very sensitive to warming, so any small change in the region’s warming mechanisms could have large impacts on the glaciers and the hydrological cycle.

Researchers say this soot could affect glacier melt at the Tibetan plateau, considered the “Water Tower of Asia.” Black carbon in the air absorbs and scatters solar radiation, impacting the radiative balance. There is also a more direct affect on the ice, contributing to greater melting

Black carbon from Gulf War shows up in Tibet glacier